autoimmuneAutoimmune disease has affected more than fifty million Americans. It was reported by the AARDA (American Autoimmune Related Diseases Association). Autoimmune disease develops due to thefailure of response or opposite reaction of your immune system.

The immune system plays an important role in the body. It protects the body against disease. But when the immune system treats healthy cells as foreign, it results in autoimmune disease. Because of this, immune system will fight against healthy cells in your body. It reacts according to its severity and type. An autoimmune disease has chances to affect one or several kinds of body tissue. The results are worse. It can cause changes in tissue function and abnormal organ growth. If you wish to know about autoimmune disorder treatment, click autoimmunedisorderinfo.com.

There are almost eight kinds of autoimmune diseases. Most of the disease cause same symptoms. It remains difficult to find out the exact name of the autoimmune disease. There are chances for a person to get affected with more than one autoimmune disease. It usually varies between periods of worsening symptoms (flare-ups) and no or little symptoms (remission). At present, there is no curative therapy for autoimmune disease. The physicians prescribe medicines and treatment to relieve symptoms.

Here listing some of the common autoimmune diseases;

  • Rheumatoid arthritis: It causes inflammation of surrounding tissues and joints

  • Systemic lupus erythematosus: It affects brain, kidneys, joints, skin and other organs.

  • Celiac sprue disease: It is caused due to the reaction of gluten that is mostly seen in barley, rye and wheat. It affects the lining of small intestine.

  • Pernicious Anemia: Red blood cells are decreased due to the inability to engross Vitamin B12.

  • Vitiligo: Loss of pigment result in white patches on patient’s skin.

  • Type1 diabetes: Insulin is destructed and produces cells in pancreas

  • Sjogren’s syndrome: It terminates glands producing saliva and tears causing dry mouth and eyes. It has chances to affect lungs and kidneys

How healthy cells are affected by the immune system?

It is not clearly known. The real reason for autoimmune disease is not yet found. There are several theories that causes autoimmune diseases. It includes environmental irritants, chemical irritants, drugs and virus or bacteria.

If your family member have experienced any of the autoimmune diseases, you have chances to inherit. It is necessary to consult your physician and take appropriate action in advance.

Symptoms of Autoimmune Disease

The symptoms of autoimmune disease differ from one to another. Some common symptoms are general malaise, fever and fatigue. The symptoms can lessen during remission and worsen during flareups.

Autoimmune diseases affect several parts of body. Some common tissues and organs affected due to autoimmune disease are as follows;

  • Endocrine glands

  • Connective tissue

  • Blood vessels

  • Red blood cells

  • Skin

  • Muscles

  • Joints

 

How to diagnose autoimmune diseases?

 

Fungi, parasites, bacteria and viruses are harmful invaders. Antibodies are produced by the immune system to fight against harmful invaders. When it comes to diagnosing autoimmune disease, the physicians would first try to find out the antibodies produced in the body.